Uploaded by: Crystal Darr at February 13 2018 20:55:32.
What, exactly, was the amount of the money owed? Most importantly, a loan agreement makes it clear that the money given was, in fact, a loan – and not a gift. Also, it tidies up the loan by setting out payment requirements. Is the loan to be paid back in installments, or all by a certain date? Is there any interest being charged on the loan, or late charges if the loan is not paid back?
If a Lender is a company, and the Loan is being provided to a shareholder of that company, parties should be aware of division 7A of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (Cth). Where the parties believe that division 7A applies to the Loan, they may wish to use an alternative agreement – the Division 7A Loan Agreement.
An inter-company loan agreement allows two child entities to borrow and loan funds from each other that have the same parent company. The loans are usually favorable to one-side in order to help with cash reserves or help make an investment whereas the other child entity lacks the finances to do.
There are a number of issues that need to be addressed in order for a lender to enforce its security, such as: The loan agreement must contain a right of enforcement (including detailed provisions regarding when and how a lender can enforce its security). Ideally the enforcement provisions should be tailored to reflect the nature of the secured asset. Then the lender must formally demand repayment. There must be some agreement as to how the lender takes possession of the secured assets (or in some cases, ownership must pass in order for the security to be valid – for example, in the case of a legal mortgage of shares). The loan agreement must contain a power of sale in relation to the secured assets. The security may be invalid unless registered at Companies House and in the borrower’s company registers. If an individual or partnership provides security over chattels, the requirements of the rather arcane Bills of Sale Act (1878) must be complied with. In view of the complexity of taking security, you are advised to take legal advice to ensure that the proposed security is enforceable in the event of default in repayment.
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