Posted by: Terri Long at January 29 2018 23:40:21.
If the Lender is in the business of providing loans, the provision of the National Credit Code under the National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009 (Cth) may apply. Lenders should review whether the provisions of that Act apply to their lending activities and ensure that they are in compliance with the rules that apply to Australian credit licence holders by tailoring this agreement accordingly.
In addition to the above information, some lenders add additional provisos to a loan agreement. Again, the terms of the loan must be clear. The borrow must agree to the terms in the document. Both the borrower and lender sign the agreement when the draft is complete. A witness is recommended but not always a legal necessity. A lender and/or borrower will need to find out the laws where you reside to see if a witness or notary public must see the parties sign the document, then both parties will have to provide proof of identification before signing in front of a legal notary.
The legal issues surrounding the taking of security are complex, and there are various legal forms that can be used, for example, a chattel mortgage (a mortgage over tangible and moveable property, such as plant and machinery or vehicles), fixed and floating charge, pledge, lien and assignment by way of security. Security over shares is different again, and can be achieved by way of a legal mortgage, an equitable mortgage or an equitable charge.
There are a number of issues that need to be addressed in order for a lender to enforce its security, such as: The loan agreement must contain a right of enforcement (including detailed provisions regarding when and how a lender can enforce its security). Ideally the enforcement provisions should be tailored to reflect the nature of the secured asset. Then the lender must formally demand repayment. There must be some agreement as to how the lender takes possession of the secured assets (or in some cases, ownership must pass in order for the security to be valid – for example, in the case of a legal mortgage of shares). The loan agreement must contain a power of sale in relation to the secured assets. The security may be invalid unless registered at Companies House and in the borrower’s company registers. If an individual or partnership provides security over chattels, the requirements of the rather arcane Bills of Sale Act (1878) must be complied with. In view of the complexity of taking security, you are advised to take legal advice to ensure that the proposed security is enforceable in the event of default in repayment.