Posted by: Carol Thomas at February 20 2018 13:59:46.
This agreement is subject to the broad principles of contract law. Where the Borrower has provided security, Lenders may wish to perfect that security in accordance with the provisions of the Personal Property Securities Act 2009 (Cth).
Unsecured Loans – Most standard loans are ‘unsecured’. This means that if the borrower does not pay back the lender then the lender will have to take the borrower to small claims in order to court order for the borrower to pay back the money.
There are a number of issues that need to be addressed in order for a lender to enforce its security, such as: The loan agreement must contain a right of enforcement (including detailed provisions regarding when and how a lender can enforce its security). Ideally the enforcement provisions should be tailored to reflect the nature of the secured asset. Then the lender must formally demand repayment. There must be some agreement as to how the lender takes possession of the secured assets (or in some cases, ownership must pass in order for the security to be valid – for example, in the case of a legal mortgage of shares). The loan agreement must contain a power of sale in relation to the secured assets. The security may be invalid unless registered at Companies House and in the borrower’s company registers. If an individual or partnership provides security over chattels, the requirements of the rather arcane Bills of Sale Act (1878) must be complied with. In view of the complexity of taking security, you are advised to take legal advice to ensure that the proposed security is enforceable in the event of default in repayment.
Co-signer responsibilities: If the borrower is allowing a co-signer to also sign for the loan, the details of the co-signer’s responsibilities must be in the document. The co-signer is an option for borrowers who have little to no credit or who are young and just starting to build credit.